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Latin Dance Forms

latin dance forms

Latin America is rich in vibrant cultures and beats with the dance rhythm. It is blessed with a diverse range of dance forms. Each Latin dance tells you a story whether it is salsa with its attractive sensuality or tango attracting with its elegance.

The diverse communities of Latin America where different African and European cultures were mixed are the reason for the profusion of diverse dance forms. In Dancesport, competitors in the Latin division demonstrate their skills in the energetic styles of samba, paso doble, cha-cha-cha, rumba, and jive.

The world of social dance covers many other Latin styles under its wing. Tango and Salsa reign at the top, but there’s much more that is vibrant and mesmerizing.


Salsa originated on the outskirts of Cuba. Later, it gained popularity in most of Cuba and New York. This dance is known for its vibrant footwork and lively, even romantic, partner interactions.

Salsa music typically includes Afro-Cuban and Latin Jazz. Colombian, Cuban, Miami, Rueda, L.A., New York, and Puerto Rican styles showcase the rich diversity of salsa dancing.

Each style offers unique rhythms, footwork, and vibrancy. Salsa serves as the universal language of joy and smiles. It’s a favourite at parties and gatherings, captivating everyone with its mesmerizing rhythms and joyful steps.

Latin Dance Tango

tango dance

Tango dance emerged in Argentina and Uruguay during the late nineteenth century. These regions were financially challenged and mainly inhabited by African-based people. Tango dance is famous for its sensual, romantic, and energetic expressions.

Various dance forms exist within tango, each with its unique flavour. The classic form is the Argentine tango, renowned for its improvisation and sensuality. Uruguayan tango showcases complex and tangled footwork. The ballroom style follows a structured approach to the dance.

Tango is not just simple dance steps; it’s a classic and mesmerizing phenomenon. In Argentina and Uruguay, people organize tango nights for social gatherings and parties, celebrating special moments in their lives.


cha cha dance
cha cha dance

Cha-Cha-Cha dance came into existence in the mid-twentieth century in Cuba. It is the evolved form of Mambo and Rumba. Its peculiar name is derived from the sound that shoes make while dancing in this form of style.

The diversity, versatility, and popularity gained so much fame that it became the standard dance in ballroom competitions. Cha-Cha-Cha’s quick nature, mesmerizing rhythm, playful hip work, and rhythmical footwork make the atmosphere delightful and joyful.


latin dance rumba
latin dance rumba

This Latin dance also originated in Cuba but it has African and Spanish essences too. Rumba is also known as the grandfather of Latin dance and is considered the dance of love and seduction.

Rumba tells the stories of love and seduction through sensual steps and love-expressive gestures. Because of its sensuality, intimate partner collaboration, and expressive nature, rumba delivers the essence of human emotions and desires.

Among all the Latin dances rumba is the most sensuous, seductive, and intimate dance. With its slow-motion steps and intimate partner, rumba is the most evocative dance form.

Samba Latin Dance

Samba has Brazilian and Portuguese influences. Because of its infectious energy and lively colours, this dance is the heartbeat of Brazilian dance.

Samba dance pulsates energy of joy, celebration, happiness, and connection to loved ones. This dance is blended with bouncy, energetic hips, playful footwork, and vibrant rhythmic movements. The funky costumes, feathers, jewellery, gadgets, and sequins add more beauty to dance.

The traditional Brazilian Samba is the most loved by the whole nation of Brazil and the most performed dance each year at Rio’s Carnival Celebration. In this dance men and women are called Sambista and present this celebration dance in the whole festival.

Samba is not just a dance it is a cultural expression and celebration of having a beautiful life. It is danced mostly in carnivals or on the nation’s celebratory moments everywhere from streets, beaches, stages, and community centres.

From the speedy samba carioca of Rio de Janeiro to the slower and more sensual samba de gafieira, each form of this dance brings its unique flavour to the Brazilian celebration.

Merengue Latin Dance

Merengue is the national dance of the Dominican Republic. This beautiful Latin dance originated in the late nineteenth century and is a perfect blend of European influences and African rhythms.

Merengue is a lively and vibrant dance that features quick footwork, hip movements, and playful spins. Merengue is easy to learn thus making it a popular choice for celebrations. In this dance partners dance with each other holding loosely for the space of quick and sharp moments making this extremely joyous and energetic dance.

Merengue is the Dominican culture making it more than just dance. It is the symbol of joy, unity, and connection to your heritage. Merengue is the best choice for dancing whether you are in a public gathering or dancing alone on the beach.


Jive originally emerged in the early 1930’s in the United States but it falls under the umbrella of Latin dances. The peculiarity of Jive is that it uses swing-style moments to dance and perform.

Jive is a fun and dynamic style of Latin dance which is also the reason for its popularity. The dance includes swift footsteps, jumps, and dynamic kicks. The music pace used for this dance is quite fast that’s why dancers have to be very swift and agile in their dance steps.

As Jive dance is quite fast and vibrant that’s why couples or partners dancing together have to be skilled plus physically fit to perform well.


Bachata dance form also originated in the Dominican Republic in the early twentieth century. This Latin dance form has a slow pace and is a little intimate Latin dance form in which the partners isolate themselves from each other physically and they express dance with strong hip moments.

Bachata is quite famous in pop culture. Its expressive nature of depicting romance and intimacy between partners makes it a favourite for movies, dance shoes, and music videos. With time, bachata is gaining much popularity in schools, dance events, and parties.

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